What is the Future of Work?

Much has been made recently about one of the stand out trends of the times we live in: Everything is becoming infused with technology. Software is eating the world it is said. Some have claimed that next it might even eat the jobs, which to some degree is almost certainly the case. With only a little bit of irony, Hugh MacLeod humorously noted this week that software may eventually eat all the people. But even that could be a bit closer to the truth than some of us might expect.

But the point is this: In the last half-decade alone, most of us would admit the societal and cultural shifts that technology and global digital networks have wrought is nothing short of astounding:

Social media is relentlessly chipping away at the power and control that companies and governments have long enjoyed almost exclusively over the rest of the world. Supply chains, talent management (hiring), customer service, product development, and just about every function of business is being transformed by things like 3D printing, social recruiting, customer care communities, crowdsourcing, to only name a few of the more important examples. That’s not even looking at the macro changes (example: Arab Spring), in which digital/social is impacting the fabric of entire nations. In all of these cases, the power and control is shifting to the other side of the network, to what many now call the ‘edge’, where most of us are.

Unfortunately, there remains a constituency that remains stubbornly in the back of the pack when it comes to the large scale changes happening in the world today. Surprisingly, this constituency formerly used to actually lead the technology world. Instead, it is now dragged along by consumer technology companies and their customers. Yes, I am referring to our corporations, to which I’ll add our institutions, including our governments and associated entities.

Related: Rethinking How We Transform Our Organizations for the Future

The Future of Work, Technology, Business, Culture, and Society

I’ve explored many times in recent years how traditional businesses have essentially lost the leadership mantle when it comes to technology. But finally now there is an increasingly concerted effort to take some of it back, to get back in the game, to use the realization that the methods we’re using in large organizations to apply technology to work is often failing, and badly.

This has led us generally to a broader global discussion on the future of work. With our institutions, expectations, and behaviors undergoing a steadily increasing rate of change, where is all this taking us? What will the workplace of the end of the decade look like and work like? That has been a question that’s been coming up more and more frequently. The answers are often focused purely on the externally obvious — and their easily determined — differences, such as the wide range of disruptive new technologies moving into the workplace today. While the technology is certainly a subject of fascination and I’ve been talking recently to audiences around the world about it, it’s not enough. We must move the conversation up a level and talk about the changes to us, the people that make up our workforces and our customers, and which are taking place as our businesses move deeper towards a very different 21st century model of work.

When then does the the future of work look like? Nobody has the full picture of course, but I am increasingly sure it broadly looks something like this:

The Future of Work: The Key Aspects

  • The evolution of the business/worker compact We are on a trajectory that has taken us well away from lifetime employment, guaranteed pensions, and single careers where largely benevolent, parent-like corporations looked after their workers, to a model where the principle actors, both companies and individuals, are much more autonomous, self-interested, and dynamic. Like all things this has trade-offs, but in the large this directly facilitates more rapid evolution of those involved and potentially creates a richer, more rewarding — if seemingly riskier — work environment for us, especially if we’re self-actualizing. There are other implications as well.
  • CSR/social enterprise and the need for business to go beyond a basic value proposition. It’s not good enough just to sell products and services anymore. Companies and their workers must be thinking about the bigger picture as the marketplace is increasingly demanding that the businesses they work with are concerned about overall global outcomes. Sustainability, environmentalism, corporate social good/responsibility, and other urgent qualitative matters of policy and governance are going to increasingly infuse how we work. Doing this successfully will require a very different mindset in our workforce than our traditional organizations typically have cultivated in the past.
  • New modes of management and workforce collaboration. The management theory — or more likely theories, plural, as there are probably several good ways of thinking about it as I’ve recently explored — for the future of work is starting to emerge. The same with team, department, company-wide, and mass collaboration. Then there is the collaborative economy that is genuinely remaking very concept of how business works for the digital era. Read some of Harold Jarche’s latest musings on work to get a sense of what the mechanics might look like, as well as Stowe Boyd’s recent thoughts on going back to the fundamentals with social business thinking.
  • New transformative workplace technologies. Everything from wearable tech to mind/machine interfaces and increasingly commonplace social business tools are changing how we will work. This will further change expectations and possibilities. I’ve explored the important technologies to watch this year, but there are many others in the wings and they will only come faster and be increasingly impactful. Our businesses are also becoming platforms in every sense of the word, becoming technologies in their own right. As Fred Wilson observed yesterday, it’s increasingly urgent for organizations to find — and become — the next platform.
  • New approaches for addressing diversity and inequality. While still I’m on the fence about the best ways to address these, you can be sure there will be enormous investments made through the rest of the decade by businesses, government, and other institutions to start tackling the structural issues in the global economy. We’ve increasingly learned and come to accept how much they impact business performance and the bottom-line.
  • A shift in the fundamental relationship between workers and business. This can be most clearly seen in the inversion of the traditional model of business, realized directly by the flourishing of vast numbers of self-organizing online communities. Now people can just come together online and create shared value without an intermediate organization that would otherwise have to the resources required to meet their needs. What does this mean for how important the traditional model business and work will be to people? The classical enterprise clearly isn’t as necessary as before for many purpose. Now we need to look ahead and see how these trends will affect how we structure, manage, and operate our organizations.
  • Co-evolutionary changes in society and global/regional culture that impact the workplace. Technology improves what’s possible by dramatically lowering the effort, time, or cost of doing something, or even makes something entirely new possible that was simply impossible before. This sets expectation and enables/encourages new types of behavior in people and society as a whole. These soft changes in us then drive the exploration of new technologies guided by behavior changes and new norms. We need to better understand where this co-evolutionary process is taking us, as well as anticipating how these new directions will impact it will affect our businesses.

Surely, this list is fairly incomplete. Unfortunately, more change is taking place now than we can really individually know (and is one reason why I believe locally autonomous adaptation is essential to the future of work.) Given how disruptive change has been in the last 20 years, remaking industries, creating giant new entities (Internet, Web, and cloud ecosystems like Amazon, Google), and dramatically changing what’s possible, the next-generation of work is likely to be almost radically different, while also being incredibly interesting. It’s worth it for us to find out as much as we can so we can prepare and anticipate the future, with the goal of avoiding unnecessary disruption — preferably being the author of your own disruption — while capturing increasingly historic opportunities.

Additional Reading:

Ten strategies for making the “Big Leap” to next-gen enterprise | ZDNet

What Most Digital Strategy Underestimates: Scale and Interconnected Change | On Web Strategy

Does technology improve employee engagement? | ZDNet

Can technology improve business innovation? | ZDNet

Rethinking Work In the Collaborative Era

Over the last few years, there has been an enormous amount of industry discussion about how the digital world is changing the way we work. To any reasonable observer, the ways that we communicate, interact, and collaborate with each other are all in the midst of profound change. At least the why seems fairly clear.

At at high level, there appear to be three major root causes for why collaboration — the very core of how people come together and function as a business — is in the midst of reinvention:

  1. Hierarchical management styles break down in the face of the inherent complexity and scale of the modern business environment.
  2. New digital tools have put us in constant and direct contact with nearly every person in the developed world at virtually no cost or effort. Thus businesses are now primarily subject to the power laws of networks, rather than the legacy rules of business.
  3. There has been a sustained shift in the power of creation, as the edges of our organizations and marketplaces now have readily in hand as much — and often more — productive power and reach than our institutions. The obvious cause is today’s pervasive global platforms for self-expression (yes, by this I largely mean social media, but also all forms of digital connectedness.)

Harold Jarche calls the reaction of our existing businesses to this new operating environment the “industrial disease” for which complexity is the single biggest challenge to working effectively:

Today’s complicated organizations are now facing increasingly complex business environments that require agility in simultaneously learning and working. Typical strategies of optimizing existing business processes or cost reductions only marginally improve the organization’s effectiveness. Faster markets challenge the organization’s ability to react to customer demand. Decision-making becomes paralyzed by process-based operations and chains of command and control.

Organizations need to understand complexity instead of adding more complication.

The long and short of it, despite many attempts, is that we still don’t have generally accepted management theories about how to cope with these changes. That’s not today there haven’t been many attempts to describe aspects of it. Over the years these have included Enterprise 2.0, social business, wirearchy, podularity, holacracy, to name just a few of the more well-known ones.

But as we are still in early days — although we’re perhaps past the end of the beginning — of the story of how digital networks are remaking work, and it is still very much unfolding. Frankly, we’re just trying to learn enough about what’s really happening to our organizations to articulate it well. Certainly, the reasons why we must try to understand how work is changing are many, not the least because it’s what we must do to create value for ourselves and society. But we’re finding even how value itself is created and evaluated is in the midst of change.

Network Collaboration: New Modes and Scale of Work in a Digital, Social Workplace

Currently, I believe we’re about to enter another major phase of conception in how we think about work in general, even though we’re not yet done absorbing the last few generations of ideas. This new phase will be more comprehensive, transformative, and almost immediately challenging (yes, even that overused word, disruptive) to our businesses and institutions.

The Three Major Collaborative Changes

Furthermore, I now think we can get a glimpse of this new conception. Over this weekend I came across Eli Ingraham’s terrific exploration on CMSWire of how collaboration is currently changing. I believe she’s come as close as anyone has been able to get in framing up this new way of thinking about the transformation of work in our times.

Eli says that today’s overall changes to work can be organized and described as top-level concepts:

I see three major forces in The Collaborative Intervention: the Future of Work, the Collaborative Economy and Global Solutions Networks. Their tenets transcend geography, generation, gender and any other constructs that divide us. They are about how we co-exist, and co-innovate, on the planet as human beings.

I’ve rearranged it a bit in my framing of these three major and interlocking new dimensions of work in the visual above but I think this is the right articulation.

First, we are seeing the emergence and primacy of network collaboration. Today’s technologies are remaking team, departmental, and organization-wide collaboration, primarily via social tools, online communities, and other new systems of engagement such as rich collaborative experiences.

Second, at the next structural level, we see that businesses are beginning to use industry-wide and/or domain-specific business networks (communities) to come together to solve problems they are not able to solve by themselves. Don Tapscott’s global solutions networks is probably the clearest articulation to date, but the ideas have been evolving for a while.

And finally, third, we have the collaborative economy, best identified and described so far by Jeremiah Owyang, which is how a large section of the global economy is rapidly being restructured around open and highly-scaled digital collaboration between new network-centric businesses and their communities of users.

The implication, if this summarizes the most significant things happening in work today, is that most businesses will have to come to terms with these transformational changes and restructure themselves around them. Given how rapidly this is taking place in certain quarters, particularly the fast-growing and highly disruptive startups of the collaborative economy, they will have to adapt to this new reality fairly soon.

As I wrote recently, digital communities are upending our organizations, and not slowly any longer. But they don’t have to. There is growing and decent evidence that organizations can make the change, if they are fully committed and pro-active. What’s more, the results seem to indicate they’re very much worth making, if you’re prepared to change what’s necessary.

Also Read:

Does technology improve employee engagement? | ZDNet

What Most Digital Strategy Underestimates: Scale and Interconnected Change | On Web Strategy

Social Business: Frameworks for Next-Gen Organizational Structure | Slideshare

Digital Business Ecologies: How Social Networks and Communities Are Upending Our Organizations

As we’ve watched digital networks reshape just about every aspect of business these days, I’ve found that we’ve struggled to come up with the right words and ways to describe a very different way of working. From vast app stores and pervasive streams of big data to enterprise social networks and customer engagement, the rules that Internet-based models of business impose are often very different.

Yet some well-known elements of business haven’t necessarily changed and have only become more pronounced: For example, scale is one of the single biggest challenges in moving to digital and social business, but has also been a challenge in our globalized world for some time. Today’s pervasive network connectedness is making this factor ever more pronounced. For organizations now this typically means having to maintain tens of thousands, or even millions, of simultaneous conversations with the marketplace for critical activities such as marketing, sales, and customer service. It also means most businesses will have to manage an order of magnitude more suppliers, business partners, and other 3rd party relationships (example: open APIs are a great harbinger of high scale in digital supply chains.)

Thus, the challenges of magnitude infuse everything in digital: Distribution, supply, engagement, control, competition, and even — or perhaps especially — security and sustainability. However, in other areas, especially where digital and social networks fundamentally change the fabric of things, we still don’t have clearly identified constructs, or even good words that we can use.

Digital and Social Business Ecologies: How Workforce and Market Engagement Are Blending

For instance, it’s been abundantly clear for a decade now that open digital communities are a new and revolutionary construct that have gone on to literally change the world. From upending media and software (social media and open source communities, respectively) to remaking the fundamental nature of how business in all industries gets done (collaborative economy), large, self-organizing communities are taking the lead. Digital technology even changes the underlying forces of the age-old concept of community. For example, even though the idea of community has been around since there have been people, the digital incarnation seemingly does something a bit different: Instead of forming insular walls that group people together, digital communities tends to group people together and break the walls down.

It’s here that I think we’re missing the name of a key concept, or at least, we’re not using one that needs to be applied here. Specifically, I believe that the relationship between the traditional enterprise and online communities has been greatly underexplored. For sure, we have many good examples now of enterprise communities that have created results across our value chains today.

But what we don’t have is a good understanding of what relationship communities should have to business at a strategic level. Are communities an adjunct to a specific function under certain conditions, such as customer service communities or product development/innovation communities when existing traditional processes underperform? Are communities to be the primary delivery model, or a secondary? My belief is that this thinking is now too incremental.

Instead, I believe businesses should now focus directly on moving to community-led business structures and processes as a first class citizen. The force multiplier of social technology here has simply proven far too great not to put at the core of our businesses, and not doing so has begun to have significant competitive and sustainability implications.

To get there, we need to talk about digital communities and business in new ways that explain their new relation to the enterprise much better than we do today. I’d like to suggest that as digital business practitioners we starting exploring this landscape in the form of ecologies, when we talk about business and community. Why ecologies? Because of what the term means:

Ecology (from Greek: οἶκος, “house”; -λογία, “study of”) is the study of interactions among individuals and their environment.

Therefore, it behooves us to much better understand — in relation to our stakeholders — the exact nature, interaction, and possibilities of communities and business, a twin environment we’ve not really had before in business as the highest order concepts. The motivation here is that the new fundamental environment for business in the 21st century is the digital network, and specifically, online communities of every description. Given the way they are upending what’s possible in terms of how to achieve just about every function in business, it’s time we capture a more complete conception of their role. I believe this means articulating their centrality to the operating model of many or most activities in the enterprise today.  While that sounds like a bold statement, I believe the results we’ve seen so far (see the nearly 100 case examples we put in Social Business By Design for a small sample) fully bear this out.

As my good friend Stowe Boyd recently wrote [my emphasis]:

We need a CDO-style figure in most businesses — if not the CEO — to make that transition to a postnormal footing, where work technology is at the core of what everyone does, not an afterthought or add-on. The inability of traditional IT to deliver on the promise of today’s technology is the universal business facepalm of our day.

Network technology is dominating the transformation of business today. Now we need to successfully adapt our management theories and practices to this new reality.

Additional Reading:

Digital diaspora in the enterprise: Arrival of the CDO and CCO | ZDNet

What Most Digital Strategy Underestimates: Scale and Interconnected Change | On Web Strategy

A new reality between the CMO and CIO | ZDNet

Enterprises and Ecosystems: Why Digital Natives Are Dethroning The Old Guard | On Web Strategy

Four key takeaways for digital transformation | Econsultancy

What Most Digital Strategy Underestimates: Scale and Interconnected Change

Over the last couple of years, I’ve been advising IT and business leaders that they need to gear up their digital/social/mobile strategies to match the advances taking place in the technology world today. On its face, this only makes sense. Technology change continues to accelerate and the growth in the cloud, social media, mobility, big data, and just about everything else is increasingly off the charts as I recently presented to a group of CIOs. As JP Rangaswami once said, we have to design our organizations now so that change is an integral function of how they operate.

Unfortunately, most organizations largely haven’t done this effectively for a variety of reasons. For one, it’s surprisingly difficult to do if your business wasn’t built around high technology from the outset. Frankly, since so many other organizations are having a hard time with it as well, the competitive implications haven’t always been severe.

However, that also doesn’t mean that some organizations aren’t failing outright through poor digital adaptation. Some clearly are, and the closer technology is to how you do business, the riskier slow digital transformation is. Just ask Blackberry, AOL, Borders, R.H. Donnelly, or a long list of companies that haven’t adapted to how digital innovation transformed their industry.

In the last few years, consumerization has emerged as a leading force in most organizations that is driving emergent, grassroots-led tech change due to increasingly pent up internal demand. The signs are all there: Bring-Your-Own-Technology (BYOD, BYOA), Facebook as the largest enterprise collaboration platform, app stores as the easiest + cheapest IT department alternative, and the list goes on. This pressure — combined with the inherent complexity in moving more swiftly towards adopting new technology — by the various stakeholders of most businesses has become increasingly untenable, even with consumerization taking some of the pressure off around the edges.

Technology Change and Proliferation: The Shortcoming of Enterprise IT Models

Yet somehow, many large organizations are currently sustaining it, despite being greatly outmatched by the growing chorus of “more” they get from their workers, customers, business partners, and the marketplace. To keep their spot on the treadmill, some organizations are now looking for new models to keep all of this sustainable. But I believe that we’re now starting to realize what one of the core obstacles is: Identifying the best way for businesses to leverage the vast existing resources they already posses, and then devising and realizing fundamentally new ways to use them to engage at scale across today’s digital channels and ecosystems.

Thus a fundamental mismatch between how our enterprise resources are connected to the digital world lies at the root of poor digital transformation. And the solution is likely a deeply engaged, muli-faceted, multi-channel digital approach sized to the scale of the challenge.

To address this mismatch, businesses have started to make significant changes in how they are organized around technology. The whole conversation about the new role(s) of the CIO, the CMO, and the new Chief Digital Officer are taking place in many industries today. Some of this discussion has started to be effective, and with so many companies struggling to successfully grapple with the torrent of digital innovation today, the window perhaps hasn’t closed.

So now I believe it’s time to tell a more nuanced story. Technology famously drives the leaders and laggards apart. For every Apple, Google, or Facebook, there are many generations of legacy enterprises trying to adapt their old businesses to the new digital landscape. A few lucky ones are protected by regulation, geography, or other happenstance, but most are exposed to the raw digital winds of change. Only a few are making it across the digital divide, while most have reached the limits of growth given the lens through which they originally built and now operate their businesses. But I believe there is a little breathing room, despite the hundreds of digital startups being launched each year to reinvent how we live our lives and conduct our business in radically improved new ways that also upend our existing business models (see the fast growing and rather exciting collaborative economy story for more examples of imminent disruption for many traditional enterprises.)

Large companies still retain very significant ecosystems, resources, and network effects if they are willing to use them. While it’s later than many companies think (just one example: a quick look at what’s most popular in the Apple or Android app stores right now shows little presence by today’s Fortune 500, despite mobile’s dominance in today’s world), there are ways to close the opportunity gap with digital. However, at this point, these must be major initiatives at the top of the organization, being led by new business units and IT both. They will have a high rate of failure (just like startups do) but by addressing the scale of the challenge head on, and applying the now many lessons learned we have at our disposal. A great new piece of research from McKinsey highlights this challenge, by asking “how [enterprises can] get beyond the small share of the prize they are capturing today in digital by looking for impact across the whole value chain.”

Most organizations need to update their digital strategies much more often than they are, revisiting their core business models, and making the resulting outcomes far more highly interconnected and organically structured. They also need to inject the solution to digital scale and velocity deeply into their operations. Those that do this well can become the digital leaders and not the legacy laggards.

Imagining the Future of the Enterprise

This afternoon at a workshop in Stuttgart, Germany at the KnowTech conference I explored our latest conception of the many transformative technology changes happening within our organizations today. The majority, if not most of these trends, are now being driven by the so-called “big shifts” — and our response to them as people, organizations, and society — that are largely being imposed from outside the walls of the enterprise. Consumerization is clearly here to stay. This is not to say that businesses aren’t innovating. Certainly they still are. But they are greatly outnumbered and frequently outclassed by the tsunami of new ideas sweeping across us from the consumer world.

The pace of advance today can seem overwhelming. It is new mobile devices, social media, cloud services, avalanches of sensor or crowd-created data, all brought to our doorstep via new digital channels and platforms such as mobile apps, app stores, open APIs, new social networks, gamification tools, to name just a few of the bigger and more disruptive technologies.

To proactively deal with all this, I currently advise most companies to develop a “strategy book” that they can readily use to identify important new advances, understand their abilities and ramifications, and then determine the impact to their business, both in terms of opportunity and challenges. Note: The aforementioned workshops typically provide the basis for such a strategy book and the processes required.

Unfortunately for most companies, there are often more challenges than opportunities, since many of these new technologies go against the grain of how traditional companies are structured and operate. Openness, decentralized processes, mass participation, network effects, and radically new distribution models for communication and work are not merely typical of today’s consumer technologies, it’s how they fundamentally work and compete against each other.

Put simply, to survive these generational shifts, organizations must figure out how to absorb new technology changes effectively and at scale. This will require potent strategies that will begin with requiring genuine rethinking of service delivery within our organizations and ultimately arrive at a profound transformation of the company. This will ultimately include its business models, motivations, and sometimes even its reasons for being. One can look at Amazon as an exemplar of this, starting out in e-commerce, and ending up a true and surprisingly pure digital platforms company, successfully wielding mobile, platforms, cloud, and big data to achieve market domination. Amazon is the most well known, but there are others and the route is repeatable, just as it is sometimes difficult.

The end point of all this is where everything is a service, as Dave Gray famously predicted. But also it’s more than that. The future of the enterprise, what I’m calling the next-generation enterprise, requires a mindset that doesn’t think in terms of fixed markets or point products or services. Instead, we must create, cultivate, and control fast-moving and highly competitive ecosystems of people, information, and value across a virtually unlimited number of channels. Those who can move first, co-create, and own the best class of information and then deliver it in forms the market wants, when it wants it, will be the winners in the short-term and long-term. Companies organized to do any less than this will falter and fade.

Over the last couple of years, I’ve been spending a lot of time thinking about and exploring how organizations can get there. There’s still a lot we need to learn, but we’re beginning to see the broad outlines. Unfortunately, there still more questions than answers, even today. Can most organizations make the transition? Does the transition to a next-generation enterprise have multiple routes, if so, what are they? How much investment is required and what is the likelihood of failure? Can we quantify and manage the risk of transforming? All of these questions and more remain difficult to answer.

Related: How Digital Business Will Evolve in 2012: 6 Big Ideas

However, we do know with a fair degree of certainty that most large organizations will need to begin changing faster — starting now — if they intend to survive. Most will need to become next-generation enterprises in a meaningful way within the next half-decade. And they need to have started several years ago.

As we enter the age of digital engagement, the untapped possibilities still largely exist. Most organizations should be utterly thrilled by the uncharted territories in front of them. Unfortunately, I see that most do not even see these as more than a threat, if they see them at all. That then is the first challenge: Changing how we regard our connection and relation to the world, for the biggest changes happening today are not only digital, but to ourselves and what makes our companies work.

Dreamforce 12: Live Blogging the Benioff Keynote

Opening keynote morning at Dreamforce 12
There is plenty of buzz and excitement here at Dreamforce 12 right now, with an estimated double the number of attendees as last year (90,000 by last count), which is saying something. Peter Coffee is doing the pre-keynote hosting and showing off various aspects of Salesforce product. ZDNet’s Larry Dignan has already covered some of the new announcements this morning. I’m sure also we’ll hear plenty of details and success stories from Marc Benioff and other customers and Salesforce execs during the keynote session today.


Slide provided to industry analysts and press by Salesforce

Liveblogging and analysis of the Dreamforce opening keynote

9:00am: Peter Coffee is doing opening introductions and safe harbor notices.

9:01am: Now introducing MC Hammer onto the stage…

9:03am: Really trying to pump up the crowd, like it needs it very much… Singing Too Legit to Quit

MC Hammer at Dreamforce 12

9:07am: OK, MC Hammer is offstage after doing a quick shout out to social business platforms.

9:09am: Montage of Salesforce and customer stories. Burberry, General Electric, Men’s Wearhouse, Perrier, and many others.

9:11am: Plenty of pounding music and video about Salesforce products, customers, and stories. Quite a bit of mention of both social and sales. No one on stage yet, it’s all video.

9:13am: Now Marc Benioff is up on stage in front of a Business Is Social banner. “I’m going to help you walk through a door. You’ve created the world’s largest technology event. Saying 90,000 people registered for the event. “The Cloud is coming…”

Mark Benniof at Dreamforce 12

9:17am: Reviewing Salesforce’s charitable efforts. Putting 1% of their equity, profit, and product into a 501(c)3 charity. Very proud of the 350,000 hours of service and $40 million in grants donated.

9:19am: Announces they’re giving away $10 million to San Francisco District 10, five grantees in all. Also grants to $4 million to JCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital.

9:20am: “We are standing on the shoulders’ of giants.” Talking about mainframes, Bill Gates, Larry Ellison, and client/server computing. Google for creating the cloud. Amazon and Jeff Bezos gets a shout-out. Mentions the “late great” Steve Jobs as a visionary, gets a big hand from the crowd.

9:21am: “The social revolution is being led by many new prophets.” Mentions Mark Zuckerberg. Moving forward in the continuum. That’s why we’re all here at this conference. “This social revolution is unlike anything we’ve ever experienced before.” A single video on YouTube can cause massive disruption around the world. (Clearly referring to the Innocence of Muslims video.)

9:22am: Asking the audience how many companies use social in their busineses today in some way. Most of the audience raises their hands. Says 70% of businesses use social in how they work. Cites McKinsey’s $1.3 trillion economic benefit stat for social business. Most of the audience raises their hands.

9:24am: Says social is now the fastest growth investment of any IT category.

Social Business is Highest Growth IT Segment

9:25am: CEO study reports that business leaders think social will be one of top 2 ways to engage with customers.

9:27am: “Our core mission is to help you connect with your customers in a whole new way.” It’s not just about how or why we’re connecting. It goes deeper. It’s getting down into the fundamental interaction between each one of us. Because we’re changing how we’re doing business. How we interact with our employees, customer, partners. It’s incredible what’s happening. It’s getting down to a fundamental change in business.”

Related: Eight Ways to Prepare to Socially Engage at Scale

9:28am: “About 5 years ago we went through a big transformation. We realized we had to change our core values. Customer success was our highest value. But we saw something else. To really be successful in this new time. We would really have to become a company customers could trust. We’d need more openness and transparency. Half transparency isn’t enough. We’d have to focus on individuals, with greater alignment, and leadership than ever before. To do this we’d have to get to a level of trust that would take our industry — and that would take us — to a whole new level.”

9:30am: “The social revolution is a trust revolution. The incredible value of trust.”

9:30am: “Are you and your company going through a social revolution? We believe that this will demarcate the companies that will be successful going forward. The future is about being connected to workers, customers, and partners.” Now talking about Jeff Immelt reaching out to Mark to talk about the future of GE. He went to talk to GE’s top executives.

9:32am: Continuing the discussion about talking with Jeff Immelt about the future of GE. Immelt said two things. First, said the future of GE is about the man/machine interface. They make CAT scanners, turbines, jet engines. Those machines are becoming more and more intelligent. The future of our profitability and revenue is about the effectiveness of their customer engagement. Talking about APIs and ‘socially’ collaborating with GE products which will get feeds, status updates, and other social trapping around their products. Side note: Social products is a hot topic.

Related: Last year’s Dreamforce 11 Keynote Live Blog

9:34am: Talking about the GE Share vision still and how GE is planning to connect with customers in a whole new way. Citing Toyota Friend from last year’s keynote. Now showing a video of how GE is using social to connect employees to customers to machines.

9:38am: Video is exploring how jet engines are being integrated into the social fabric of running GE. Social and Salesforce “helped connect the dots” and makes the business more approachable. “If you’re a business, you need to become social to get closer to the customer.”

9:40am: Mark is back and talking about how social adds value to the business. Now inviting Charlene Begley the President and CEO of Home Product Division up to talk. Saying “GE is Social.”

How General Electric is Social

9:41am: “Social is about accelerating learning, communication, and access to information.” Have 300,000 people that need to turn data into information. Social unlocks huge value.

9:42am: Mark: “How to transform the way that you sell to your customers? Market to your customers? Support your customers? How to do you transform the way that you collaborate with your customers? How to transform how you fundamentally work inside your organization.” Says Forbes has selected Salesforce has selected them twice as the most innovative company. “How do you transform how you innovate?”

9:44am: “Social Revolution: The New Social Front Office, Where Trust Lives.” Now breaking down the benefits of social business. “How do we give you the information you need to go back and transform your companies?” Going to tell six stories of six companies to illustrate how it’s done.

The Benefits of Social Business

9:46am: Marc’s social business benefits summary slide: +32% sales productivity, +29% innovation, +34% employee satisfaction, +31% employee productivity, +37% campaign effectiveness, +34% customer satisfaction. Jibes well with our meta-synthesis of benefits as well.

9:48am: The first story is up. Rossignol discusses in detail their experience with social business and sales.

9:52am: Announcing Salesforce Touch: “Sales is now social. Data is now social.”

9:53am: Talking about Salesforce Partner Communities. Doing a demo of how companies can selectively open up to partners to enable them to collaborate better. Using example of REI, Rossignol, and skis where they can plan collaboratively using social tools. Really switching from the vision down to specific product information. Crowd a little less engaged but it is useful functionality in terms of getting the full context of what’s going on in terms of complex sales environments.

9:56am: Continuing the demo, showing mobile devices and Salesforce Touch in context of a meeting in the field. “Has everything she needs in her hand, can see her Chatter feed, last minute updates. Using ‘digital sales aid’ instead of PowerPoint. Doing a presentation with video and answering all questions on the fly, all using the Salesforce experience. Has integrated experience right to the customer signature and closing the deal in a single seamless experience from presentation to closed deal. Fairly impressive. Saying “That is social selling.” Seeing the power of “social data”.

10:00am: Switching back to Mark (didn’t catch the name of the last person.) Talking about seamless integration of Salesforce and Chatter. Says he lives in the app himself. Now introducing CEO of Rossignol, Burno Cercley.

10:01am: Going to explore how social is transforming Rossignol, says “saving time is part of the DNA of Rossignol. In racing, 100th of second can make you very sad or very happy. Time is of the essence. If we lose a day, we can lose a season. We need to understand the business as quickly as possible. The only way to get the info from the sales guy to marketing, product development, etc is key. We need to understand what’s going on. [Social] is how we will do this.”

Rossignol's Social Business experience

10:03am: Now Charles Schwab’s CIO, Brad Peterson is up and talking about becoming a social business. I like what Mark is saying about trust (he should, given the industry.) “To be a social business, you have to have the DNA of your company support this.” 7,000 advisors are building on the Schwab platform, which Salesforce is providing. Advisors build the relationship with the customer, are building communities to improve this connection.

Charles Schwab as a Social Business

10:05am: Mark: “We are telling you these social business stories to help you transform yourself and your organizations.” 7,700 employees. #1 video game publisher. Rolling a video on how they’re using social. Says they believe that the “swarming aspect” of addressing an emerging problem is going to be key to success. Great Social CRM example, though would love hard numbers.

10:08am: Fergus Griffin, senior VP of marketing, is up. “We’ve just seen this fantastic social transformation of Activision.” Using Service Cloud to do this. Citing http://ideas.salesfore.com. Really pitching Service Cloud, includes federated search, internal objects as knowledge, external sources such as SharePoint. Available as pilot in 2013. Talking about new Chatter Communities for self-service. Combined best of social networking with customer self-service processes.

10:12am: Fergus is going through some detailed scenarios of how they support customers using social CRM. Examples include GameStop, Activision, and Twitter.

10:15am: “Bringing together people to support each other is a customer service dream.” Talking about how Activision has created a ‘Facebook for gamers.’ Have one for Call of Duty and shows examples of how customers support each other, including using gamers to rate the accuracy of socially co-created answers.

10:17am: Continuing very detailed scenarios about using multichannel customer support, including FaceTime and other ways to ensure customers can get the help they need.

Related: CRM investments ramp due to social media and smart mobility

10:19am: Using Service Cloud to redefine what customer service systems looks like. Inviting Robert Schmidt, global CIO of Activision up on stage. Interviewing him on his vision for the future. “Our games are very social, we have 1-2 million people play every day. What the future holds for us is that [social] is not just a technology change, it’s a cultural one.” Telling a story about how social networking in their company. How an employee was hesitant to respond to an issue because their boss hadn’t yet. Said this is the cultural change we need to enable.

10:22am: Mark: Introducing the CEO of Yelp, Jeremy Stoppelman, says he’s the “Father of Trust.” Mark: “Give us some insight on the medium of social networking.”

10:23am: “We have so many tapping into content on the go. All over the country and all over the world. Mobile is one of our key focus areas as social goes mobile.”

10:24am: Mark: “We want to start a new journey with you. We’re going to show you a brand new application today. It’s really incredible. The company that we’re going to use to illustrate this is Commonwealth Bank. Australia’s largest bank.” Rolling video.

10:25am: “You can extend this new world to any one, any time. If you look at the social integration in the business, things like Chatter allow the narrative of the organization to be captured and shared.”

10:27am: Mark: “By 2017, CMOs will spend more on IT than CIOs.” Sidebar: My take on the future of CIOs and CMOs.

10:28am: Introducing Brett Queener, EVP of Marketing Cloud. “Social represents the biggest change to marketing in the last 60 years.” We’re hearing: “We’ve been managing social with one or two people over here in the corner. That’s not going to work any more. They need to manage marketing over every one of their workers and customers.” Talking about the integration of Radian6 and BuddyMedia. “The industries first integrated marketing suite. We all have the ability to do social marketing right.” Certainly, this is a hot space. Note: We’re not doing so bad on this either, as are some others, but it is a compelling story.

10:34am: Brett continuing to show the integrated vision of Marketing Cloud, with real time connection between mobile, Facebook, Twitter, and the social Web. Showing campaign performance, dashboards, demographic breakdowns, and drill downs using Commonwealth Bank as an example. High polish, all in the inimitable Salesforce style. Mobile is a major, if not the primary, focus here, which is interesting.

10:38am: “We can employ the marketing cloud to use the voice of our customer. We can show ROI across both paid and earned media. Can clearly show the number of new customers that we’ve brought into Commonwealth Bank through the power of social. Can you really easily engage and advertise, and understand the return on social? Yes, you can.”

10:40am: Mark is back thanking how everyone collaborated together to create the Marketing Cloud, “it’s a new door for us, an incredible new capability. Bringing up Andy Lark, CMO of Commonwealth Bank. “What is your vision for marketing?”

10:41am: People don’t have PCs as much, now they have smartdevices. Marketing has had all these point solutions, unlike ERP and other IT systems, it’s been hard for companies to adopt. The implication is that Marketing Cloud is an integrated enough solution to be the face of marketing capability.

Commonwealth Bank as a Social Business

10:43am: Introducing George Zimmer, CEO of the Men’s Wearhouse, famous gravelly voice and all. “Well as you know, we built our business on baby boomers and a billion in advertising. We’re now transforming our company to address the millennial generation. Using Marketing Cloud to find out what they like and don’t like.” Nice: “You’ll like the way Salesforce works, I guarantee it.”

10:45am: Now Mark is talking about Virgina America, a $1 billion airline with 2,500 employees. “Culture is something the other airlines can’t replicate. The people are our business, it’s the one thing that makes us a lot different. We’ve been through a rapid growth phase that’s been challenging. This linear communication era that we’ve come out of is no longer happening. How can we make our customers part of the conversation? We found Chatter to be part of the solution. Chatter will let us give customers a personalized experience.” They’re showing how the airline can engage with customers right in the seat, on the screen they provide.

10:49am: Now Salesforce co-founder Parker Harris is up on stage talking about Salesforce Chatter. “Chatter brings social to collaboration.” Introducing Salesforce Chatter for Communities. Facebook for Customer, Partners, and Employees. Trusted security and sharing, pilot with Winter ’13 release.

10:51am: “I’m here today to announce Salesforce Chatterbox.” Sync files across any device. Preview/read documents. Secure File Sharing. Essentially a social Dropbox. Showing a Virgin America skinned version of Chatterbox, “because it’s a platform”, says Parker.

Parker Harris and Chatter at Dreamforce 12

10:54am: Continuing a demo of Virgin Atlantic with many specific examples and using Chatterbox. Interesting demo of sending a Chatter message to an airplane in flight. “Sees a message popup in his seat back.” Shows how Virgin America can provide information on his late flight, his next gate, etc. using Salesforce Chatter Communities. Looks like real functionality from their Red platform. Hands it back to Mark. “Isn’t that an incredible demonstration of the future, integration.”

11:00am: Inviting CEO of Virgin America, David Cush, up to talk. “Social is the best way to get a tip about an airline.” Typically airline communication is very chain of command, we’re changing that to be very egalitarian.”

11:01am: Just brought up famous motivational speaker Tony Robbins, who has a keynote on another day. Aggressive user of Chatter in his organization, they are creating communities where customers can solve their own challenges (using Chatter of course.) Talking about the notorious firewalk emergency recently, how they used Radian6 to manage the crisis. “I’d say the future is connect or die, connect and you win.”

Anthony Robbins at Dreamforce 12 and his Social Business Story

11:05am: Showing a video about how the workplace is changing. “In today’s world, how work gets done is very much social. With your peers, co-workers, and customers.”

11:07am: This is going to be a spectacular new journey. Introducing John Wookey, EVP of Work.com, and Social Applications. “The world of work is changing. Work is social, business is social.” When they see high performing companies, they see alignment. “We talk about leadership, passion, and hard work. But we don’t talk about human resources.” We have to align our team and drive our teams to give great performance over and over.”

11:09am: Announcing Work.com, and a social HR Performance Management Platform. “Completely redesigned from the ground up. We’ve created a continuing evolving vision of work.” Giving a demo of how Work.com supports the culture of the company and helps organizations come together to create success. Can help create motivation, “like a Tony Robbins avatar.” Work.com is a set of applications that will motivate, align, and create great performance. It will drive engagement and impact. Work.com is goals, it’s the foundation. Created with a manager and their team.

11:12am: “Traditional performance reviews are demotivating. They don’t work.” “Creates a single simple real-time performance review. Employees or managers can have a conversation at any time about their performance with the company.” Walking through Facebook’s recruiting process.

Work.com as a Social Busienss HR Platform at Dreamforce 12

11:14am: Have created a new iPad recruiting app. Now talking about Facebook, about how it has created a holistic talent management platform with Workday and the Work.com platform. Pretty impressive stuff and a good view of the workings inside of Facebook.

11:17am: Back to Mark. Welcoming Tim Campos, Global CIO of Facebook, to talk about their story. “Social is inherent in who we are. And it’s helped propel us to have more than 950M people on the site. At Facebook, we say the site is only 1% finished. The way we’re going to get there is through our workforce, and it’s about the people. We have incredibly intelligent individuals. But it’s not about the org chart or structure. It’s about the relationships. We need tools to help us facilitate that.”

11:19am: The new view de-emphasizes the the cost center. “Our workforce is encouraged to provide continuous and authentic feedback every day.” Talking about how they use Work.com presumably. “The next generation of workforce tools is going to create this kind of relationship between employees.”

How Facebook is Social At Dreamforce 12

11:21am: Introducing Aneel Bushri, CEO of Workday, thanking Mark and talking about their partnership. Now switching to the social business story of Coca Cola and how they’re making their beverages social. It’s clear Salesforce is trying to show how social is really happening, now.

11:25am: Continuing video of Coca-Cola, which is talking about mobile, cloud, social, networked environments, and how they are trying to embrace consumerization and mass personalization. I expect another executive introduction.

11:27am: Introducing George Hu, COO of Salesforce. “I want to bring it all back to the most important question. How do we get there? How do we get our organizations get to that level of innovation that we’ve seen [here.] How do we get there. The how is at the heart of Salesforce.com. We want to make the social transformation as easy as a post on Facebook.” Giving a hard pitch for the entire Salesforce.com platform and all its many component for cloud-enabling social.

11:29am: Talking about Touch and Identity as two major announcements. AppExhcange, 1,700 apps, 70% of Fortune 100 customers have installed apps. I think he said 1.4 million users.

George Hu talking about Salesforce Platform at Dreamforce 12

11:31am: Looks like Salesforce Identity is going to open the social graph for enterprises, very interesting. All standards-based says George. “Many of us have thousands and thousands of apps written on other platform. We want to create a seamless social identity for them.” Potentially bigger news: Introducing Force.com Canvas, Gets enterprise apps in Salesforce, just like Facebook. “Can unlock a tremendous innovation. Makes all your legacy applications social and mobile.” Wondering how OpenSocial fits in.

Related: Enterprise Social Networks Need Open Standards

11:34am: Now announcing Salesforce Touch Platform. Write Once Deploy Anywhwere. HTML 5, Native, and Hybrid. Secure as well they say.

11:40am: Very detailed demos continuing. Lots of mobile and social.

11:42am: Back to Mark. “I’m so excited about this vision. We keep seeing this same thing: We’re connected to our customers, to our companies, and products.” Introducing Ed Steinike, CIO of Coca-Cola. “Ed, you’re an amazing CIO. One of the industry leaders. Made a major investment in SAP in the back office. Now you’re making a major investment in the front office in social.”

11:44am: Ed: “We do 1.8 billion servings per day of our product. We want to connect those 1.8 billion happy customers with all layers of our company. Mobile is the way this happens.” Mark thanks Ed, that was quick. Now talking about the mobile tsunami.

Related: The “Big Five” IT trends of the next half decade: Mobile, social, cloud, consumerization, and big data

11:45am: Final vignette of the keynote: Burberry. Their CEO, Angela Ahrents, talking on video.

11:50am: Now she’s actually here up on stage. I’ve told their social business story in detail before, which is quite impressive. Talking about their mobile engagement at the Olympics in London. “This is the future [holding her mobile device.]”

Angela Ahrendts of Burberry talking about mobile and social at Dreamforce 12

11:52am: Going over their new mobile experience and putting RFID into the products and immersive virtual experiences that gives the backstory of the products your holding. Thanking Angela, who is definitely a social business and next-generation enterprise leader.

11:54am: And that’s a wrap. Marc finishes and the lights and music turn up. I’ll post analysis on ZDNet as soon as I’m able.

This Year’s Ten Digital Strategies for the Next-Generation Enterprise

It’s time for most organizations today to uplevel their technology stance: They must become profoundly proactive about external change and innovation. That’s because technology change is currently happening much faster than most organizations can readily absorb, at least how they’re doing it today. But that doesn’t mean they shouldn’t try. More importantly, they should begin putting in place the processes and structural changes required to begin adapting and co-evolving more quickly.

Technology is an enormous amplifier of human effort. However, because it also uses itself as a ladder, it changes more and more quickly as time goes by. Add in the fact that anyone, anywhere can now innovate on top of the current technology curve and distribute their efforts to the world at practically zero cost, and you have a near-perfect recipe for disruption of the traditional status quo for IT in the enterprise. So how can a central bureaucracy that is greatly outnumbered by its customers ever help bring in enough new technology to satisfy the increasingly voracious demand for apps, data, devices, and more?

In short, it’s much later than most IT departments think. Disruption is coming fast in a mobile, cloudy, social world.

Fortunately, there are indeed some ways that might work to address this headon as I’ve explored recently. But as organizations implement these strategies, they also need to bring in the fundamentals of the biggest and most important advances right now. Falling too far behind and becoming a technology laggard means significant and sustained loss of competitiveness that’s very difficult to recover from. With change happening so rapidly, and technology creating a widening gap between the top performers and the 2nd tier, it requires organizations to run a bit faster just to stand still while they make the changes needed to have a more sustainable future. What’s needed is a short list of specific high-impact changes that will also lay the groundwork for future growth and digital transformation.

In my professional opinion, the list below represents the absolute minimum that enterprises should be building skills in and piloting this year. However, most of these are really must-haves now, to have at least in the experimental phase in your organization today. I also realize, from working with hundreds of companies in the last few years, that you’ll typically have less than half of these represented in your organization today. But that’s the point of the list, to find the gaps in your next-generation IT arsenal. I’ve omitted obvious items like BYOD and Big Data platforms like Hadoop, since virtually all organizations have these on their lists already. Note that this is a more tactical viewpoint that what I usually provide. For example, I pick out key planks of new approaches, such as Social CRM and employee social networks, instead of the entire view of social business. Organizations need clarity on where to start to become a next-gen survivor, and this breakdown will help I believe.

Visualizing Next-Generation Enterprises: Social Business, Consumerization, Gamification, Employee Social Networks, Unified Communication, Open APIs, Cloud Computing, mobile CRM, Smart Mobility, Social CRM

First though, what’s a next generation enterprise? My definition is this from my recent breakdown of emerging enterprise IT for 2012:

A next-generation enterprise describes organizations that are proactively moving into the present by changing how they assimilate, architect, apply, and maintain their technology solutions in the context of updating and transforming their processes, structure, and business models to effectively align with and work natively in today’s networked and highly digital economy. While that may be a mouthful, it also accurately describes what most organizations must do to ultimately avoid disruption in the marketplace as technology increasingly defines how our businesses engage with and provide value to the world.

How do organizations start moving into today’s technology present? Below are the top ten digital strategies I believe more enterprises are behind in and need to begin addressing this year:

  1. Mobile customer self-service. This is an official company mobile app that lets your customers engage in (at least) the top ten most frequent customer service activities. The best of these won’t copy the features from your web site but enable new models of customer interaction made possible by mobile device capabilities. Example: The financial services firm USAA turned every one of their customer’s smart mobile device into a mobile bank branch, allowing customers to deposit checks by taking a picture of them inside their app and transmitting it, saving them a trip to the bank.
  2. Open supply chains/APIs. If you aren’t strategically opening up your business for the world to build break-out new products and services on top of, then you should start and start this year. Organizations like the World Bank, Best Buy, and many others are doing what the Internet giants are doing: Building ecosystems. You must too. Get a sense of where the fast moving world of the Internet is heading with this from an overview of my good friend John Musser’s talk at Glue last week.
  3. Employee social network. There are many genuinely potent ways to apply social media to significantly improve outcomes across any organization — see the detailed case studies in Social Business By Design (Wiley, 2012) for game-changing examples — but it’s now clear that every company is getting its own social network. While some will not be strategic to the business or have low levels of use, the data increasingly shows that most organizations get value from them. We already see that organizations are finding social networks proliferating with Chatter, Yammer, Socialcast, SharePoint, and many others. Enterprises much take charge, provide clear leadership, and anoint official social network(s) as appropriate. Bonus points for understanding where ROI in social business comes from and focusing on it with this effort.
  4. Gamified business processes. Perhaps the least important sounding of all of these next-gen enterprise trends, yet I’ve been surprised at how fast some Fortune 500 companies have adopted this. I spoke with the CEO of Badgeville recently and he indicated that nearly 150 of the Fortune 500 were using their gamification platforms. I recently wrote a detailed breakdown of the enterprise gamification space as well that explores some truly impressive results.
  5. Community-based customer care. Organizations like SAP, Intuit, American Express, and others have all demonstrated that customers can support other customers (in general) far better than a company can. Companies have limited resources, customer care is considered overhead, and other customers with similar backgrounds and needs already have better insight they can share. While Social CRM is the official buzzword for this approach and is the industry where you can find the most applicable technology support, you really only need some community software, a simple strategy, and some community managers. Don’t wait, start now. This is where some of the easiest and quickest returns are on this list.
  6. Unified communication. After years of languishing and with market penetration hovering around 30%, unified communication is set to explode this year to help address the channel proliferation problem today. UC is also incorporating social media and otherwise moving beyond the telephony and IM space to become much more strategic. While I’ll be exploring the intersection of UC and social business soon, the latest data from IDG shows that 90% of organizations are looking at unified communications in 2012, a huge leap from last year and one that should be on everyone’s next-gen roadmap.
  7. End-user led IT and competitive #CoIT. Users are going to help lead the technology adoption for next-generation enterprises. Collectively, they have the resources and bandwidth to explore, evaluate, and apply new forms of IT. These include SaaS, disposable apps, mobile devices, and much more to their local technology problems. IT departments will become the curators and enablers, collecting and disseminating best practices across the edges of organizations. As part of this, IT organizations will deliberating put themselves in a competitive position with outside suppliers and 3rd parties. They’re already facing stiff competition from app stores and outsourcing firms, and now they must demonstrate they can effectively compete. You can read up on the CoIT model in my explorations on the topic over the last year.
  8. Mobile IT reinvention. You must be mobile-first for most of your future IT deployment. Mobile is also going to require rethinking IT. Most organizations already know this now, so I don’t need to belabor this point, other than simple translations of legacy IT to tablets will be woefully insufficient and will drive users to 3rd party apps. Read two great cautionary stories about this from Gartner’s Andrea Di Mao.
  9. Migration to the cloud I currently see less focus on moving to the cloud these days. Part of this is because it’s just happening and being baked into many of the services we now use in the enterprise. But I also see a lack of understanding of how strategic the cloud can be. Start moving the edge of IT into the cloud to reap the benefits that go far beyond cost containment and into business agility and innovation. The cloud really does enable entirely new solutions to old problems.
  10. Digital business leadership and transformation. Start laying the groundwork to drive the business when it comes to moving to digital business models, where the future of most companies lies. CIOs and other IT leaders should be moving away from an infrastructure focus and to a business innovation focus as quickly as possible. While this is far easier to say than do, the very future of IT is at stake as CFOs increasingly focus on moving infrastructure out to the cloud. The future of IT is digital leadership, and less in technical plumbing, even though that will remain vital at a strategic level.


What’s on your list of the top digital strategies for organizations this year? Please add your thoughts in comments below.

See Also:

Connecting Digital Strategy with Social Business and Next-Gen Mobility

Reconciling the enterprise IT portfolio with social media

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